Author Information

Bahman Shafii
William J. Price

Abstract

Understanding the implication of genotype-by-environment (GE) interaction structure is an important consideration in plant breeding programs. A significant GE interaction for a quantitative trait such as yield can seriously limit efforts in selecting superior genotypes for both new crop introduction and improved cultivar development. Traditional statistical analyses of yield trials provide little or no insight into the particular pattern or structure of the GE interaction. The Additive Main Effects and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) statistical model incorporates both additive and multiplicative components of the two-way data structure which can account more effectively for the underlying interaction patterns. Integrating results obtained from biplot graphic displays with those of the genotypic stability analysis enables clustering of genotypes based on similarity of response and the degree of stability in performance across diverse environments. The AMMI model is presented, and its usage in diagnosing the GE interaction structure is discussed. Tai's stability statistics are employed to determine the stability of genotypes tested. Empirical applications are demonstrated using data from a national winter rapeseed variety trial.

Keywords

genotype-by-environment interaction, biplot analysis, stability statistics, yield trials

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Apr 26th, 10:30 AM

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF GENOTYPE-BY-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION USING THE AMMI MODEL AND STABILITY ESTIMATES

Understanding the implication of genotype-by-environment (GE) interaction structure is an important consideration in plant breeding programs. A significant GE interaction for a quantitative trait such as yield can seriously limit efforts in selecting superior genotypes for both new crop introduction and improved cultivar development. Traditional statistical analyses of yield trials provide little or no insight into the particular pattern or structure of the GE interaction. The Additive Main Effects and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) statistical model incorporates both additive and multiplicative components of the two-way data structure which can account more effectively for the underlying interaction patterns. Integrating results obtained from biplot graphic displays with those of the genotypic stability analysis enables clustering of genotypes based on similarity of response and the degree of stability in performance across diverse environments. The AMMI model is presented, and its usage in diagnosing the GE interaction structure is discussed. Tai's stability statistics are employed to determine the stability of genotypes tested. Empirical applications are demonstrated using data from a national winter rapeseed variety trial.