Abstract

The thermal environment plays a large role in an animal’s ability to convert feed into weight gain. A better understanding of a pig’s metabolism will help swine producers select environmental specifications for optimizing feed conversion. The objectives of this study are to 1) characterize the thermoregulatory responses of pigs during a feeding event 2) compare those responses for three thermal environmental treatments applied in a Latin Square design 3) investigate different procedures for fitting nonlinear mixed-effect models with crossed random effects (NLME function in R, %NLINMIX macro in SAS, random effects modeling in AD Model Builder: ADMB-RE). We found that the threeparameter first-order compartment model provides a reasonable representation of the tympanic temperatures of feeding pigs during feeding events. The thermal environmental treatments (28ºC + High air speed) and (18ºC + Low air speed) are significantly different from the reference treatment (28ºC + Low air speed), at the 5% level. Both NLME and ADMB-RE successfully fit the nonlinear mixed-effects model and produce similar results. The %NLINMIX macro did not converge unless restrictions were placed on the model. The estimates of fixed and random effects from the restricted model using %NLINMIX macro were generally different from those from NLME and ADMB-RE.

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Apr 30th, 12:30 PM

EVALUATING NONLINEAR CROSSED RANDOM EFFECTS MODELS FOR COMPARING TEMPERATURE OF FEEDING PIGS UNDER DIFFERENT THERMAL ENVIRONMENTS

The thermal environment plays a large role in an animal’s ability to convert feed into weight gain. A better understanding of a pig’s metabolism will help swine producers select environmental specifications for optimizing feed conversion. The objectives of this study are to 1) characterize the thermoregulatory responses of pigs during a feeding event 2) compare those responses for three thermal environmental treatments applied in a Latin Square design 3) investigate different procedures for fitting nonlinear mixed-effect models with crossed random effects (NLME function in R, %NLINMIX macro in SAS, random effects modeling in AD Model Builder: ADMB-RE). We found that the threeparameter first-order compartment model provides a reasonable representation of the tympanic temperatures of feeding pigs during feeding events. The thermal environmental treatments (28ºC + High air speed) and (18ºC + Low air speed) are significantly different from the reference treatment (28ºC + Low air speed), at the 5% level. Both NLME and ADMB-RE successfully fit the nonlinear mixed-effects model and produce similar results. The %NLINMIX macro did not converge unless restrictions were placed on the model. The estimates of fixed and random effects from the restricted model using %NLINMIX macro were generally different from those from NLME and ADMB-RE.