Square academic caps, or ‘mortarboards’, as they are affectionately known, have declined in use remarkably since the 1940s, even compared to other academic items, like the gown and hood. Despite this, they remain one of the most iconic elements of academic dress, enjoying an evocative academical symbolism in most countries. The cap retains its current form in the changing modern world of academic dress (at least within the UK), whilst other components, like the hood, have continued to develop. [Excerpt].
Hargrave, Seamus Addison
"The Church and the Trencher: An Examination into How England’s Changing Theology and Church Have Influenced the Evolution and Design of the Square Cap Causing its Use as Academic Attire,"
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