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Alternate Title

Chromium (VI) Biosorption by Immobilized Biomass of Bacillus ceres M116

Abstract

Biosorption is potentially an attractive technology for treatment of wastewater for retaining heavy metals from dilute solutions. This study investigated the feasibility of Bacillus cereus M116 immobilized in different carriers as a biosorbent for chromium removal from aqueous solutions in batch mode; optimum conditions were determined. Experimental results showed the bacterial strain immobilized in calcium alginate gel matrix was most effective in removing Cr(VI) ion from solution. The uptake of metal was very fast initially, and equilibrium was attained within 80 mins. The overall biosorption process was best described by the pseudo second-order kinetics. Intraparticle diffusion was not the only rate-determining step. The sorption data conformed well to the Fruendlich isotherm model. The highest value of Cr(VI) uptake by Bacillus cereus M116 (6.0g/L ,dry basis) immobilized in 3% calcium alginate was 92.5% at 25°C, when initial chromium concentration was 50 mg /L.

10.4148/1090-7025.1034

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