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Keywords

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 13-026-S; Report of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 1074; Swine; DDGS; Fiber; Finishing pig; NDF; Wheat middlings; Withdrawal

Abstract

A total of 225 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050, initially 100.1 lb) were used in a 92-d study to determine the effects of withdrawing high-fiber diets 19 d before market on growth performance, carcass characteristics, fat quality, and intestinal weights of finishing pigs. Pigs were allotted to 1 of 7 dietary treatments (5 or 6 pens/treatment). Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 3 factorial plus control with main effects of added choice white grease (CWG; 0 or 3%) during the withdrawal period (d 73 to 92) and fiber levels of low (corn-soybean meal diet), medium (9.5% wheat middlings [midds] and 15% dried distillers grains with solubles [DDGS]), or high (19% midds and 30% DDGS) during the withdrawal period. Pigs were fed high-fiber (19% midds and 30% DDGS) diets from d 0 to 73. Control pigs were fed low-fiber corn-soybean meal diets from d 0 to 92. No CWG × fiber interactions (P > 0.13) occurred except for jowl iodine value (IV), which increased (linear, P < 0.03) with increasing DDGS and midds only when CWG was added to the diet during the withdrawal period. Adding CWG during the withdrawal period (d 73 to 92) improved (P < 0.02) ADG (1.81 vs 1.94 lb/d) and F/G (3.46 vs 3.19), leading to an overall (d 0 to 92) improvement (P < 0.02) in F/G. Carcass yield and backfat depth increased (linear, P < 0.05) when low-fiber diets were fed from d 73 to 92. Pigs fed high levels of DDGS and midds had increased (P < 0.001) jowl IV, with a larger increase when CWG was added. Feeding low levels of DDGS and midds during the withdrawal period decreased (linear, P < 0.01) whole intestine weights, mainly due to the reduction (P < 0.02) in rinsed stomach and full large-intestine weights. Lowering dietary DDGS and midds during a 19-d withdrawal period increased yield through reduced large intestine weight and content and lowered jowl IV. The addition of CWG improved F/G but did not improve carcass characteristics.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 15, 2012

First page

204

Last page

217

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