artificial insemination, estrous synchronization, calf value
Artificial insemination and estrous synchronization remain underutilized by U.S. beef producers. The most recent National Animal Health Monitoring Survey (NAHMS 2007–08) reported that 7.6% of producers used artificial insemination and 7.9% used estrous synchronization. The most common reason cited for not using these reproductive technologies was time and labor, followed by cost and difficulty. Little information is available on actual management practices used by producers who do use these technologies and their value to such operations.
Johnson, S. K. and Dahlke, Garland R.
"Value and Use of Artificial Insemination by Beef Producers,"
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports: