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Keywords

tillage intensity, wheat-sorghum-fallow rotation, reduced till, conventional till, no till

Abstract

Grain yields of wheat and grain sorghum increased with decreased tillage intensity in a wheat-sorghum-fallow (WSF) rotation. In 2015, available soil water at wheat planting was greater for no-till (NT) and reduced till (RT) than for conventional till (CT). Simi­larly, for grain sorghum in 2015, available soil water at planting was increased with NT or RT and least with CT. Averaged across the 15-yr study, available soil water at wheat and sorghum planting was similar for RT and NT and about 1 inch greater than CT. Averaged across the past 15 years, NT wheat yields were 5 bu/a greater than RT and 7 bu/a greater than CT. Grain sorghum yields in 2015 were 42 bu/a greater with long-term NT than short-term NT. Averaged across the past 15 years, sorghum yields with long-term NT have been nearly twice as great as short-term NT (64 vs. 35 bu/a).

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