In a recent study conducted under the auspices of the Center for the Study of Teaching and Policy (CTP), we found that U.S. school districts, on average, direct 2.8% of their annual budgets toward what the Census Bureau defines as instructional staff support.
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Killeen, Kieran M.; Monk, David H.; and Plecki, Margaret L.
"Spending on Instructional Staff Support Among Big City School Districts: Why Are Urban Districts Spending at Such High Levels?,"