The objective of the current study was to examine the association between emotional eating and self-efficacy, motivation, and social norms for consumption of fruits and vegetables (F/V) and energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods and beverages, as well as interactions with body mass index-z score (BMI-z). Adolescents completed self-report measures of demographics, emotional eating, and dietary health behavior theory constructs. Emotional eating was associated with lower self-efficacy for consumption of F/V and for limiting EDNP foods/beverages; greater motivation for limiting of EDNP foods/beverages; lower social norms for consumption of F/V; and greater social norms for consumption of EDNP foods/beverages. There were no interactions with BMI-z. Evidence-based nutrition programs that leverage health behavior theories should be tailored to adolescents’ emotional eating.
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Mason, Tyler; Dayag, Rachel; Dolgon-Krutolow, Anna; Lam, Kathy; Zhang, Diana; Hazzard, Vivienne; and Smith, Kathryn
"Emotional Eating and Diet-related Self-Efficacy, Motivation, and Norms in Adolescents,"
Health Behavior Research: