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George Washington Owens was the son of former slaves who migrated to Kansas in the early 1870s to find free land, finally settling in Wabaunsee County, Kansas, near Alma. It was there that he was born in 1875. In his handwritten autobiography, Owens chronicles the difficulties and successes of working hard growing up on the plains and as a student at District School #3 of Alma, and then at Kansas State Agricultural College. After learning that no African American had graduated from KSAC (now Kansas State University), “he resolved to be the first.” He did so, graduating in 1899. Owens continues by describing how he was recruited to Tuskegee Institute in Alabama to work under Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver, and the methods he used as head of the dairy herd. While at Tuskegee, Owens recalls the marriage to his wife, Waddie L. Hill, a graduate of Clark University, and the successes of their three children. In 1908 his accomplishments at Tuskegee led Owens to becoming a faculty member at Virginia Normal and Industrial Institute (Virginia State University) where he distinguished himself as head of the agricultural program and a leader in vocational agriculture in the South. Owens recorded his life five years before his death in 1950. Ana Elnora Owens, daughter of George and Waddie Owens, donated the autobiography, photographs, and other documents, to the Richard L.D. and Marjorie J. Morse Department of Special Collections, Hale Library, in 1978.

Anthony Crawford’s transcription of and commentary about George Washington Owens’s autobiography is a valuable contribution to the history of Kansas State University. As K-State’s first Black graduate, Owens is an example of the work required to navigate the social and systemic constraints of his time to become a successful contributor to his varied communities throughout his life. Crawford has carefully interpreted Owens’s handwritten life story, and his contribution provides a more accessible way to read the autobiography.

Cliff Hight Head of Special Collections Kansas State University

Publication Date


Edition Statement

Autobiography of George Washington Owens: First African American Graduate of Kansas State University is also available in ebook form at: and can be found in the New Prairie Press Pressbooks Catalog.


New Prairie Press


Manhattan, KS


George Washington Owens, George Washington Carver, Booker T. Washington, Kansas State University, Ernest R. Nichols, Tuskegee Institute, Virginia State University, Kansas History


African History | Agriculture | American Studies | Animal Sciences | History


Autobiography of George Washington Owens: First African American Graduate of Kansas State University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Copyright Anthony R. Crawford 2022, where relevant and unless otherwise noted.

Special thanks to Marlene VerBrugge and Marla Day for their editorial and design support on this publication.

Autobiography of George Washington Owens: First African American Graduate of Kansas State University