Alain Robbe-Grillet, nouveau roman, new novel, Topologie d'une cité fantôme
Alain Robbe-Grillet made his initial reputation among French writers not only through his controversial first novels, but also through a number of essays published collectively under the title of Pour un Nouveau Roman. In these essays, Robbe-Grillet pronounced an absolute condemnation of metaphor in the novel; this condemnation has since been prominently featured in theoretical arguments focusing on "zero-degree" writing. However, Robbe-Grillet has since written fictions which are hardly consistent with his earlier doctrine, and Topologie d'une cité fantôme appears, if anything, to embrace metaphor, and thus to point to a new direction in Robbe-Grillet's work, a direction closer to that of Simon and Ricardou.
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O'Donnell, Thomas D.
"Robbe-Grillet's métaphoricité fantôme,"
Studies in 20th Century Literature:
1, Article 5.