Cattlemen's Day, 1985; Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 85-319-S; Report of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 470; Beef; Temperature; Performance
When average outside air temperature was about 40 F, water temperatures of 40, 60, Of' 80 F had little effect on water intakes of yearling steers and heifers. In addition, there were no significant differences in average daily feed or efficiency. No electrical energy was required to maintain water at 40 F, and it took about twice as much electricity to maintain water at 80 F instead of 60 F.
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Murphy, P.; Pope, Ronald V.; Nichols, David A.; and Riley, Jack G.
"Effect of water temperature on cattle performance,"
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