growth performance, nursery pig, zinc


A total of 360 weanling pigs (Line 400 × 200; DNA Genetics, Columbus, NE, initially 13.0 lb) were used in a 28-d trial to evaluate the effects of Zn source and level on nursery pig growth performance. Each treatment had 8 replicate pens with 5 pigs per pen. The 9 dietary treatments were arranged as 2 × 4 + 1 factorial and consisted of a control diet that contained 110 ppm Zn from ZnSO4 from the trace mineral premix or the control diet with 390, 890, 1,890, or 2,890 ppm added Zn from either TBZC (Intellibond Z; Micronutrients, Indianapolis, IN) or ZnO. This provided diets with a total of 500, 1,000, 2,000, or 3,000 ppm added Zn. Diets were fed in 3 phases from d 0 to 7, 7 to 21, and 21 to 28 with the first phase fed in pellet form and the others as meal. No Zn source by level interactions or Zn source differences were observed throughout this 28-d study. Overall, from d 0 to 28, increasing Zn increased (linear, P ≤ 0.05) ADG, ADFI, and d 28 BW. On d 28, fecal samples were collected from 3 pigs in each of the 8 pens per treatment and analyzed for DM content. There was a tendency (P = 0.08) for a Zn source by level interaction. As Zn from TBZC increased, fecal DM decreased, but for pigs fed increased Zn from ZnO there was no difference in fecal DM. In conclusion, up to 3,000 ppm Zn improved ADG and ADFI with no effect on F/G. There were no differences among pigs fed the different Zn sources, suggesting that either Zn source is effective at improving weanling pig growth performance.

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